We have included the most common types of heart defects. If we are missing one that you want to know more about, please email us and we’ll make sure it gets added to our list.
This defect consists of having both atrio-ventricular and ventriculo-arterial connections. Note that neither hypertrophic cardiomyopathy nor interrupted aortic arch are considered here. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) can occur at several levels:
The occurrence of subvalvar LVOTO, coarctation and mitral stenosis (parachute mitral valve and supramitral ring) is known as Shone’s syndrome.
Children with Marfan syndrome are at risk for serious problems involving the cardiovascular system, including the following:
Tetralogy of Fallot is one of the most common forms of complex congenital heart defects that causes cyanosis, or a blue baby. Tetralogy of Fallot is comprised of four separate components.
The ventricular septal defect is usually large, because of the resistance of blood flow through the pulmonary valve. Once the blood flows into the left ventricle, it is ejected into the aorta and delivers de-oxygenated blood into the body. Because there is de-oxygenated blood being delivered to the body, these babies may appear cyanotic, or “blue”.